Tea painting has unique artistic charm in Chinese art culture. Scholars and writers can use tea to show their indifferent mind, and they can also use tea to realize the Zen. In the history of painting in China, there are many pictures about using tea, tasting tea and fighting tea, which show the spirit of positive optimism, modesty and courtesy of tea people in our country, that is, the spirit of "harmony".
Part of "Han Xizai's Night Banquet" [fifth generation] Gu Jizhong's "Han Xizai's Night Banquet" on silk, 28.7 cm wide and 335.5 cm long, collected in the Beijing Palace Museum.
The pipa sounded, Jiang Nan's silent night was stirred suddenly, and the night feast began.
In the painting, a few teapots, tea bowls and refreshments are placed in front of the guests. The host sits on the couch. The guests sit and stand. A woman on the left plays the piano. The guests listen to the tea while they drink tea.
Han Xizai, originally from Beihai (now Weifang, Shandong), was born in a famous official position. After the Southern Tang Dynasty, he repeatedly offered national policies but was not credited. Facing the North Song soldiers, Li Yu wanted to use him as a photo, knowing that he was weak In order to avoid the suspicion of Li Yu, the late Tang Dynasty lord, every day, a feast, every night, expressing his lack of interest in politics. After listening to the news, Li Hou sent painters Gu Jiezhong and Zhou Wenju to enter the Korean government to learn the truth. The artist drew pictures silently with the scene of the night banquet of Han Xizai. "I'm still here, just Zhu Yanchang."
"Tune for Music" (Listening to the Music) [唐] 周 昉
"Tune for Music", color on silk, 28 cm in length and 75.3 cm in width, depicts the life scene of Tang Dynasty ladies playing Guqin and drinking tea. It is now collected by the Nelson Atkins Art Museum
There are five people in the picture. The middle three are aristocratic women. One tunes the stone on the stone, and the other two whisper while listening to the sound of the piano. Waiters on both sides, one with a saucer in hand and one with a tea cup. The character is dignified and dignified. The figure combination includes sitting and standing, sparse and decent, and full of change. The women in the painting have thick cheeks and brows, which are rich and colorful. The whole picture shows the leisurely and contented attitude of the aristocratic women in the Tang Dynasty.
"Dou Tea Scroll" [Southern Song] Liu Songnian's "Dou Tea Scroll" is recorded in "Shi Qu Bao Di 2nd Edition, Zhonghua Palace Collection".
Doudou first appeared in the middle of the Tang Dynasty. According to Anonymous "Mei Fei Fu", "In the Kaiyuan period, (Tang) Xuanzong and Fei fighting tea. Gu Zhuwang said: 'This plum essence also. Blow white jade flute, make a shocking dance, a glorious. Dou tea today and again Win me. '"This is the earliest record of Doudou. However, in the history, the most particular and most enthusiastic about tea fighting was the Song Dynasty, and the style of tea fighting reached its peak in the Song Dynasty.
Song Geng's "A Fight for Tea" was written in more detail: two or three people gathered together to present their treasures, cook tea with water, and fight each other. In the Southern Song Dynasty, not only the famous tea producing areas and temples had tea fighting activities, but even the folks also generally carried out. The Southern Tea Painter Liu Songnian's "Dou Tea Scroll" is a vivid illustration of the folk tea in the market. This kind of tea has a taste of tea, and it is related to the tea market transaction.
"Dou Tea Picture Volume" is recorded in "Shi Qu Bao Di Second Edition Zhonghua Palace Collection". This picture depicts the scene of folk tea fighting: when several tea vendors meet or meet together while they are buying and selling, they stand in the shade of the tree, each with their own unique skills, fighting and fighting, each with a focused attitude, free movement, and restored Tea scene at the time.
Picture of Lu Yu's Tea Making (Yuan) Zhao Yuan
"Lu Yu's Tea Making Tea" is an ink on paper, 27 cm in length and 78 cm in width. It is now in the collection of the National Palace Museum in Taipei, Taiwan.
This painting shows the story of Lu Yu, a famous tea man in the Tang Dynasty.
Lu Yu has always been an idol worshipped by indifferent scholars. This picture is an ink painting, with a round brush on the side of the mountain stone method, thick tree points, and different styles of painting. Taking Lu Yu's tea as the theme, the ink and wash landscape paintings reflect the elegant and quiet environment. The distant mountains and the water, a mountain rock gently protrudes from the water surface, a magnificent expanse, several eaves, and Eguan crown belts on the house. There was a boy roasting tea before.
The artist himself titled "Lu Yu's Tea-Cooking Tea" and wrote a poem: "Who is the cottage in the mountain? Wu sits and sits down to the sun-slope. Vulgar guests don't come to the mountains to disperse, Hutong draws water to make new tea." The spiritual world of the scholars' haze and dysentery also reflected the social ideological trend of the Yuan Dynasty from one aspect.
[Ming] Wen Zhengming's Part of "Huishan Tea Party Map"
"Huishan Tea Party Map" is 22 cm in length and 67 cm in width. It is now hidden in the Beijing Palace Museum.
In the thirteenth year of the Zhengde era (1518), the Qingming season germinated. At the age of 49, Wen Zhengming, together with his friends Cai Yu, Wang Shou, Wang Chong, Tang Zhen, and others, visited Wuxi Huishan together. Under the Erquan Pavilion, "the second spring in the world," Shi Ding, three boil and three sacrifice ", they talked about tea, chanted and chanted. Afterwards, Wen Zhengming drew a picture of the Huishan Tea Party, depicting the party.
In 1391, Ming Taizu Zhu Yuan's majesty retired tea and reconstituted bud tea. Since then, the tea art in China has changed from the tea cakes used for frying in the Tang Dynasty to the tea powder used for smashing in the Song Dynasty. Bubble tea.
Changes in the tea making methods of the Ming Dynasty spurred the transformation of tea sets, and the arrangement of tea seats tended to be quiet and quiet. Hobby drinking, tasting famous tea, and discussing tea arts have become a trend of the times pursued by scholars. Tea tasting has become an important means for writers in the Ming Dynasty to pursue the interest of life and relax the spirit in daily life.
There were also many "tea" elements in the paintings before the Ming Dynasty, but there was no such thing as a tea or tea party in the Ming Dynasty. The literati's elegant collection activities have changed significantly after the Ming Dynasty. A large number of paintings on the theme of "tea party" came out.
"Cup of Tea and Tea" (Qing) Qian Hui'an
"Cooking Tea Washing Picture" is a vertical scroll, paper, color, 62.1 cm in length and 59.2 cm in width. Collected in Shanghai Museum.
Wash catfish and swallow ink, make tea and avoid smoke
The background selection of this work highlights the word "Ya". The protagonist in the painting is placed in a waterside shelter under the shadow of a green pine, and he looks out from the fence, giving a sense of elegance and vulgarity. A piece of Yaoqin is placed on the piano case in Xiezhong, and the books, tea sets, Dingyi, and bottle appreciation are displayed next to each other in an orderly manner.
Two children in the courtyard, one is squatting on the stone steps under the waterside, carefully washing a stone goblet, and a few goldfishes came around, swimming happily in the water; the other child was standing by the stove cooking tea and red mud A small stove was placed on the small stove, and a quaint tea pot was placed beside the stove. At this time, the child was looking sideways at a flying crane. In this case, the scene depicts the artistic conception described by the famous couple: "wash the fish and swallow the ink; cook the tea crane and avoid the smoke".